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Bio-assemblies or Biomolecular Assemblies: containing several protein units, DNA loops, lipids, various ligands, etc. 

 

Biovorous: an organism capable of converting biological material into energy for sustenance.

 

Biochauvinism: The prejudice that biological systems have an intrinsic superiority that will always give them a monopoly on self-reproduction and intelligence.

 

BioMEMS -- biofunctionalised microelctromechanical systems used in medicine, that use microchips.

 

BioNEMS -- biofunctionalised nanoelectromechanical systems. 

 

Biomimetic: Imitating, copying, or learning from nature.

 

Biomimetic Materials: Materials that imitate, copy, or learn from nature. 

 

Biopolymeroptoelectromechanical Systems (BioPOEMS): combining optics and microelectromechanical systems, that can be used in biological applications. 

 

Biostasis: A condition in which an organism's cell and tissue structure are preserved, allowing later restoration by cell repair machines.

 

Blue Goo - opposite of Grey goo. Benificial technology, or "police" nanobots. 

 

Born-Oppenheimer Approximation: permits the use of classical quantum mechanics in modeling and thinking about molecular and atomic motions.

 

Bottom Up: Building larger objects from smaller building blocks. Nanotechnology seeks to use atoms and molecules as those building blocks. The advantage of bottom-up design is that the covalent bonds holding together a single molecule are far stronger than the weak.  Mostly done by chemists, attempting to create structure by connecting molecules. 

 

Brownian Assembly: Brownian motion in a fluid brings molecules together in various position and orientations. If molecules have suitable complementary surfaces, they can bind, assembling to form a specific structure.

 

Brownian Motion: Motion of a particle in a fluid owing to thermal agitation, Brownian motion plays a vital role in the assembly and activity of the molecular structures of life.

 

Bulk technology: Technology in which atoms and molecules are manipulated in bulk, rather than individually. 

 

Bucky Balls [AKA: C60 molecules & buckminsterfullerene] - molecules made up of 60 carbon atoms arranged in a series of interlocking hexagonal shapes, forming a structure similar to a soccer ball.

 

Bush Robot: A concept for robots of ultimate dexterity, they utilise fractal branching to create ever-shrinking "branches," eventually ending in nanoscale "fingers."